Posted: August 10th, 2021

Creative Art Therapy on Schizophrenia | Literature Review

CHAPTER II

REVIEW OF LITERATURE

A literature consider is an account of what has been revealed on a topic by accredited college students and researchers. As an editorial, the literature consider needs to be outlined by a guiding thought. It is not solely a descriptive file of the material accessible, or a set of summaries. (Dena taylor-2010).

A literature consider is a textual content material written by any person to ponder the important elements of current information along with substantive findings along with theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular matter.

Overview of literature is a written summary of the state of an art work on a evaluation draw back. It helps the researcher to familiarize themselves with the information base. It incorporates the actions involved in determining and searching full picture of a state of data on that matter (Polit and Hungler, 1995).

The consider of literature has been described beneath the subsequent headings:

  • SECTION A: Analysis related to schizophrenia
  • SECTION B: Analysis related to Ingenious Art work Treatment
  • SECTION C: Analysis related to Ingenious Art work Treatment on schizophrenia

SECTION A: STUDIES RELATED TO SCHIZOPHRENIA

An experimental analysis was carried out to judge the effectiveness of clozapine inside the treatment of resistant schizophrenia in Beijing, China. Twenty two victims with treatment of resistant schizophrenia have been chosen for the analysis by means of the usage of randomized sampling methodology. This samples have been assessed by means of the usage of the optimistic and unfavorable syndrome scale for schizophrenia. The outcomes confirmed that 60% of the analysis members responded to clozapine treatment in the midst of the comment interval. The researcher concluded that clozapine has therapeutic efficacy in treatment of resistant schizophrenia. (Xiang,Y. T, 2009).

A descriptive analysis was carried out to judge the importance of genetic elements in males with early onset of schizophrenia in Surat, India. An entire sample of 40 male schizophrenic victims with scientific onset sooner than the age of 25 years have been chosen by means of the usage of consolation sampling methodology. Samples have been assessed by means of the usage of structured questionnaire. The outcomes confirmed that one in every of many mom or father of 12(30%) victims had the historic previous of schizophrenia. The researcher concluded that the genetic causes are additional important inside the etiology of schizophrenia. (Mukesh Patel, 2009).

A descriptive analysis was carried out to judge the unfavourable results of antipsychotic medication in victims with persistent schizophrenia. An entire no.of 1493 schizophrenic victims have been recruited at 57 Usa web sites by means of the usage of consolation sampling methodology. They've been evaluated using the optimistic and unfavorable syndrome scale for schizophrenia. The consequence confirmed that olanzapine was associated to additional discontinuation for weight purchase or metabolic outcomes and perphenazine was associated to additional discontinuation on account of presence of further pyramidal outcomes. The researcher concluded that majority of victims discontinued the medicines owing to inefficacy or intolerable unfavourable results or for various causes. (Lieberman,J.A, 2005).

A descriptive analysis was carried out to judge the affiliation between violence and schizophrenia in Mullen, Australia. An entire no.of 40 victims have been chosen by means of the usage of purposive sampling methodology. Victims have been assessed by means of the usage of structured questionnaire. Evaluation displays that violence is a outcomes of comorbid substance abuse or psychotic indicators. The consequence confirmed that almost all analysis conform the affiliation between violence and schizophrenia. The researcher concluded that the proportion of violent crime in society attributable to schizophrenia falls underneath 10 %. ( Walsh,E. 1997).

A preliminary analysis was carried out to judge the influence of psycho education program on self efficacy of schizophrenic victims utilizing the psychiatric day care. An entire no.of 33 schizophrenic victims utilizing the psychiatric day care have been chosen by consolation sampling methodology for this analysis. Generalized Self Efficacy Scale (GSE Scale) was used for the evaluation 1 month sooner than intervention, immediately sooner than intervention and after the completion of intervention. He has built-in the social talents teaching into psycho education. The outcomes confirmed that Self Efficacy ranking modified significantly between immediately sooner than and after completion of the intervention. The investigators concluded that the psycho education was environment friendly in rising the self efficacy amongst schizophrenic victims. (Yamaji ,2005).

An explorative analysis was carried out to judge the behavioral impairments and social disabilities amongst schizophrenic victims. An entire no of 520 victims from seven nations have been participated inside the analysis. Incapacity analysis scale and Psychological impairments analysis scale have been used to for this analysis. The outcomes confirmed that there is an impairment in sexual relationship, workplace, self care and likewise in social roles. Unfavorable indicators corresponding to inactivity, lack of curiosity, initiative and poverty of speech moreover present inside the victims. (WHO, 2000).

A descriptive analysis was carried out by Schizophrenia Evaluation Foundation and Madras Medical College to judge the prevalence of schizophrenia in Tamil Nadu. Two areas Chintadripet and Triplicane have been chosen for the analysis and door to door survey methodology was adopted. The Indian psychiatric survey schedule and present state examination schedule was used for assessing the prevalence of the schizophrenia. The analysis was concluded that the prevalence cost of schizophrenia was highest inside the area and the subsequent cost have seen in males and in age group of 15 – 45 years respectively. The higher prevalence fees have been confirmed in slum areas, these residing alone, in these with no schooling, in Christian communities and inside the unemployed group. (Padmavathi, 1998).

SECTION B: STUDIES RELATED TO CREATIVE ART THERAPY

An experimental analysis was carried out on the effectiveness of Ingenious Art work Treatment on the treatment of aggression in Netherland. An entire no.of 100 samples have been chosen by means of the usage of consolation sampling methodology. They've been used the structured questionnaire on this analysis. The outcomes confirmed that expressing aggression with help of art work supplies safely helps to find one’s aggression. The researcher concluded that art work treatment is an useful modality to suppress the anger that explodes in uncontrolled dangerous aggression. (Henk, 2006).

An interventional analysis was carried out to judge the effectiveness of Ingenious Art work Treatment in decreasing anxiousness and concern in hospitalized youngsters in Punjab, India. Samples of 22 youngsters inside the age group of Three-10 years have been chosen by means of the usage of the consolation sampling methodology. Ingenious Art work treatment intervention was given 60 minutes for seven days. The Beck Nervousness Inventory Scale was used to measure the anxiousness of the samples. The consequence displays that there was a significant distinction between pre examine (22%) and publish examine (11%) scores of stress. So the researcher concluded that the inventive art work treatment is environment friendly in decreasing concern and and anxiousness amongst hospitalized youngsters. (Hamre.H,J, 2006).

An experimental analysis was carried out to judge the effectiveness of inventive art work treatment with incarcerated women who've expert the demise of a preferred one. An entire no.of seven samples have been chosen by means of the usage of purposive sampling methodology. Semi structured interview was carried out sooner than the analysis. One hour Ingenious Art work Treatment courses have been provided to eight incarcerated bereaved women for a interval of eight weeks. After two weeks after treatment, a 45-minute interview provided to the women with the prospect to clarify their personal experiences and responses in regard to the Ingenious art work Treatment courses. Consequence confirmed that seven women described optimistic outcomes following the Ingenious Art work Treatment intervention they normally had an opportunity to specific their feelings. (Horn et al., 2004)

An experimental analysis was carried out on the effectiveness of Ingenious Art work Treatment and cognitive conduct treatment with sexually abused youngsters. An entire no.of 120 samples have been chosen inside the age group between Eight-11 years by means of the usage of purposive sampling methodology. Two group evaluation design have been utilized by dividing the group into two groups, 60 youngsters in each group. Treatment courses have been held as quickly as each week for 12 weeks. Indicators have been assessed with trauma symptom pointers for children. The consequence confirmed that there is a essential low cost in indicators usually associated to sexual abuse who had been obtained inventive art work treatment than cognitive conduct treatment. (Pifalo. T, 2002).

An experimental analysis was carried out to judge the effectiveness of inventive art work treatment on self value and anxiousness of nursing home aged residents. Quasi experimental evaluation design was used. An entire no.of 20 older grownup psychiatric victims have been chosen by means of the usage of purposive sampling methodology. The state trait Nervousness Inventory Scale and Beck Melancholy Inventory have been used to judge the anxiousness and despair. Ingenious art work treatment intervention was given three days per week for four frequent weeks. The consequence indicated that the inventive art work treatment improved the extent of self value and decreased the anxiousness and despair of older adults. (Henry, L. 1997).

SECTION C: STUDIES RELATED TO CREATIVE ART THERAPY ON SCHIZOPHRENIA

An experimental analysis was carried out to judge the effectiveness of inventive art work treatment as an adjunctive treatment for victims with schizophrenia in London. An entire no.of 43 members have been chosen by means of the usage of randomized sampling methodology. Indicators have been assessed with the help of Optimistic and Unfavorable Syndrome Scale. Allotted members have been provided with train three courses each week for 90 minutes per day and the size for a imply of two months. The consequence indicated that Ingenious Art work Treatment produced statistically essential optimistic influence on unfavorable indicators. (Philrichardson, 2007).

An experimental analysis was carried out to judge the effectiveness of inventive art work treatment amongst schizophrenic victims. Utterly 45 members have been chosen by means of the usage of consolation sampling methodology. Twenty courses of inventive art work treatment have given for the chosen samples. Indicators assessed sooner than and after the intervention by means of the usage of optimistic and unfavorable syndrome scale. The consequence confirmed that improved psychological properly being notably low cost in unfavorable and customary indicators in schizophrenia. (Crawford, 2007).

An experimental analysis was carried out to judge the implications of Ingenious Art work Treatment amongst schizophrenic victims and their kin on indicators, personal and social talents. Full no.of 9 victims and 7 affected individual’s kin included on this analysis. Utterly 17 courses of Ingenious Art work Treatment intervention obtained for the victims and kin for 30 minutes size. Members have been assessed by means of the usage of Optimistic and Unfavorable Syndrome scale. Whereas all members kin have been assessed by way of Beck Melancholy Inventory Scale. The outcomes confirmed that inventive art work treatment can reduce unfavorable indicators, considerably social functioning and depressive indicators of schizophrenia by which antipsychotics are normally not helpful. (Anadolu, 2013).

A analysis was carried out to judge the effectiveness of Ingenious Art work Treatment in acute schizophrenic victims in Berlin, Germany. An entire no.of 60 samples have been included on this analysis by means of the usage of consolation sampling methodology. Ingenious Art work herapy have been given to the experimental group for 45 minutes daily for two weeks interval. Sooner than and after the analysis researcher have been utilized PANSS to all members. The consequence displays that essential changes in unfavorable indicators and solely delicate influence on optimistic indicators. So the researcher concluded that Ingenious art work treatment is extra sensible on unfavorable indicators of schizophrenia. ( Dannecker, 2012).

An experimental analysis was carried out to judge the effectiveness of Ingenious Art work Treatment as an adjunctive treatment for folk with schizophrenia in United Kingdom. An entire no.of 417 samples have been chosen by means of the usage of consolation sampling methodology for the analysis. Group inventive art work treatment was delivered by the researcher for 90 minutes size per day for two weeks. Sooner than and after the analysis researcher have been assessed by means of the usage of PANSS to all members. The consequence displays that some enchancment in main outcomes of members. So the researcher concluded that inventive art work treatment can improve world functioning and low cost of indicators in schizophrenia. (Crawford, 2012).


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