Implementation is the process that turns strategies and plans into actions in order to accomplish strategic objectives and goals. Implementing your strategic plan is as important, or even more important, than your strategy. Strategic plans address the what and why of activities, and implementation addresses the who, where, when, and how. Both strategic plans and implantation are both critical when it comes to success. Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) has been supplementing state and local resources to schools serving low-income and low-performing students in effort to help the improve the schools’ performance. At the state level, educational departments have undertaken a variety of efforts to improve school’s performance all around for the better. Despite such federal and state efforts, there has not been a change at all in most of the schools.
Policy evaluation uses a range of research methods to systematically investigate the effectiveness of policy. The methods that are used are, interventions, implementation and processes, and to determine their merit, worth, or value in terms of improving the social and economic conditions of different stakeholders. For example, many national policies, successful implementation requires coordination and corporation among a web of national, state, and local governments and agencies. To achieve this end, national policies may have to be tempered to better accord with state and local interests and perspectives (Anderson, 2015, p. 231).
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